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Nailfold capillaroscopy microscopy

nailfold capillaroscopy idiopathic inflammatory myopathies smith pachman

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Nailfold capillaroscopy is a diagnostic procedure that involves examining the small blood vessels (capillaries) in the skin near the nails. It is typically used to diagnose and monitor connective tissue diseases, such as scleroderma and systemic lupus erythematosus.

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a group of autoimmune diseases that cause muscle inflammation and weakness. IIMs include conditions such as dermatomyositis, polymyositis, and inclusion body myositis.

Nailfold capillaroscopy may be used as a diagnostic tool for IIMs, particularly dermatomyositis and polymyositis. Changes in the appearance of the capillaries in the skin near the nails can be an indication of muscle inflammation in these conditions.

Smith-Pachman syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by muscle weakness and abnormalities in the nails and skin. Nailfold capillaroscopy may be used to monitor the progression of Smith-Pachman syndrome, as changes in the capillaries can be an indication of muscle inflammation.



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